Salmonella is one of the most common and widespread disease-causing bacteria, resulting globally each year in tens of millions cases of Salmonellosis. In the United States alone, an estimated 1.2 million cases occur every year due to non-typhoidal Salmonellosis, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Of these, there are 23,000 hospitalizations, and 450 deaths result from infections.
Based on the most recent data, the number of incidents have decreased in recent years, but remains a public health challenge as new strains of Salmonella bacteria have developed a resistance to commonly used antimicrobials. The secondary treatments now prescribed are often less effective, more toxic, and more expensive.
Recent studies from the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) indicates that up to 5 percent of Salmonella strains are resistant to five or more common antibiotics.
Who is at Risk?
Many reported Salmonella infections are foodborne. The most common cause of illness is undercooked food of animal origin, most commonly beef, poultry, milk and egg products.
Any consumption of contaminated food can cause symptoms, though immunocompromised individuals are more susceptible to infection. Children under the age of 5 and adults over 65 years of age represent the most likely to contract a related illness.
Also, certain medications, such as drugs to reduce stomach acid, are known to increase the risk of Salmonella.
What are the Symptoms of Salmonella?
Illnesses related to Salmonella can range from mild discomfort to severe stomach pains. The onset of symptoms is typically anywhere from 6 to 72 hours. Symptoms present as acute gastroenteritis and include the following:
• Sudden onset of diarrhea
• Abdominal cramps
Symptoms can lastfor several days, and may cause serious dehydration. Infection can also lead to medium or even long-term bowel disruption. Even after symptoms improve, the bacteria can often be found in the stool for several weeks post-infection.
In the most severe cases, Salmonella infection can spread to the urine, blood, bones, joints, brain, the nervous system, and other internal organs. These invasive infections are quite dangerous and can be life-threatening.
How is Salmonella Spread?
People can contract Salmonella through several different sources, though the most common are passed via contaminated food and water. The food is most often of animal origin, though fruit and vegetables can also carry the bacteria and even processed food can be tainted. ConAgra Company paid over $11 million in fines after a 2007 incident that linked contaminated peanut butter to over 700 cases of Salmonella.
Several outbreaks and subsequent food recalls are reported each year. In 2012, 106 separate outbreaks of Salmonella in America resulted in 64 percent of all food-related hospitalizations.
In 2013-14, a single outbreak linked to Foster Farms Brand chicken reached 29 states and infected over 600 persons. The outbreak strains of Salmonella were resistant to several commonly used antibiotics.
Other recent outbreaks and recalls include the following:
• A multistate outbreak to Garden of Life RAW Meal Organic Shake and Meal products.
• Almost 900 people were infected in 39 states by cucumbers contaminated with Salmonella in 2015. Six deaths were reported. Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce and Custom Produce Sales both recalled products.
• Chipotle Mexican Grill removed contaminated tomatoes from 22 store locations after more than 60 people reported serious infection. Chipotle has been investigated for several food-related outbreaks over the last year.
• Thirteen people in 10 states fell ill after consuming JEM Raw Brand sprouted nut butter spreads. The company recalled products on December 2, 2015.
• On August 27, 2015, Kapowsin Meats issued a recall of over half a million pounds of pork products after almost 200 people in 5 states were treated for multidrug resistant Salmonella.
Long term effects
A small number of Salmonella patients develop pain in their joints. This is called reactive arthritis. It can last for months or even years, and may lead to chronic arthritis.
If you or a loved one have had moderate to severe Salmonella or other food poisoning and have questions about the root cause and the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care, contact The Lyon Firm (800) 513-2403. You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer these critical questions
After two hip replacement surgeries, I was informed that one of the prosthesis was the DuPuy Joint and the other was very similar but manufactured by a different company. After several attempts to contact the manufacturer directly to discuss the claim, I was met with bureaucratic red tape that appeared to be insurmountable. I then turned to Joe Lyon of the Lyon Law Firm who immediately cut through the pro I highly recommend Joe if you are faced with the need for this type of litigation.Tim Ross
I met Joe during what was easily one of the worst times of my life. My husband had been in a serious accident and was a quadriplegic following that accident and remained in one medical facility after another until his death nearly four years later. We had contacted an area attorney who told us we absolutely did not have a case. Then we called a Cleveland firm that took the case and brought in Joe. Joe did so much of the work and became just like family to us. I would highly recommend Joe to anyone and be willing to guarantee that he will do anything and everything possible to get satisfactory results. He is extremely dedicated to his clients and very hard working. Mike and I came to think of him like a son, I still do; if it wasn’t for him I don’t believe our case would have been settled the way it was and may have ended up in a courtroom where the results can go any way.Donna Urchak