Ohio Drug Injury Lawyer reviews Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury cases and Prescription Drug Deaths
The scope of the opioid painkiller problem cannot be underestimated. According to a report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2010, doctors wrote enough prescriptions for hydrocodone to give every American adult a one-month supply.
The situation has worsened considerably in the last seven years as well. Doctors and healthcare providers wrote nearly a quarter of a billion opioid prescriptions in 2013 in the United States.
Prescription opioids can be prescribed by doctors to treat moderate to severe pain, but can also have serious risks and side effects. This class of drugs is highly addictive and known to be one of the most overprescribed in the U.S., despite all the trouble the drugs have caused.
From 2000 to 2015 more than half a million people died from drug overdoses. Now, over 90 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose. Prescription opioids are a driving factor in the 15-year increase in opioid overdose deaths. Ohio is among the states hardest hit by the epidemic.
Mr. Lyon has represented plaintiffs nationwide in a wide variety of medical negligence, wrongful death and Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury claims.
Types of Opioid Painkillers
Sales of prescribed opioid painkillers, including oxycodone and hydrocodone almost quadrupled in the U.S. between 1999 and 2015, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), contributing to a 400 percent increase in deaths from prescription opioids in that same period.
Almost 2 million Americans either abused or were dependent on prescription opioid painkillers in 2014, according to the CDC. Common types of dangerous painkillers include:
Fentanyl Deaths Rising Nationwide
Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid painkiller, is up to 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more powerful than morphine. This drug has caused an immense rise in addiction and death in many states, including Ohio. Although fentanyl is often illegally made and distributed, it can be prescribed by doctors to treat acute pain in patients. There are two kinds of fentanyl:
1. Pharmaceutical fentanyl—primarily prescribed to manage acute and chronic pain.
2. Non-pharmaceutical fentanyl—Illicitly manufactured, and often mixed with heroin to increase the drug’s effect.
The death rates from synthetic opioids, including drugs like tramadol and fentanyl increased by over 72 percent from 2014 to 2015. Opioid injury and death rates increased across all demographics and numerous states including Ohio where the death rate more than doubled.
Deaths from dangerous prescription opioids have more than quadrupled since 1999. The epidemic in addiction has prompted many hospitals and clinics to control the drugs more closely, though the problem persists. In 2013, the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) rolled out an Opioid Safety Initiative and significantly cut the number of opioids it prescribed.
Drug Marketing & Addiction
The National Institutes of Health identified drug companies’ marketing tactics as a major contributor to the nation’s opioid abuse problem. Despite a lack of scientific evidence that opioid use is beneficial for long-term pain management, the amount of prescribed opioids in the United States is astounding.
In 2014, nearly two million Americans either abused or were dependent on prescription opioid pain relievers. As many as one in four patients receiving long-term opioid treatment struggles with opioid addiction. Once addicted, it can be nearly impossible to stop. Taking too many prescription opioids can stop a person’s breathing and lead to death.
Drug overdose deaths and opioid-involved deaths continue to increase in the United States. The majority of drug overdose deaths (about 60 percent) involve an opioid. The crisis has been named a top priority by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner.
Doctors Overprescribing Dangerous Drugs
While tens of thousands of Americans die from prescription opioid overdoses each year, opioid manufacturers are making sure that the more opioids a doctor prescribes, the more money they can make. Individual doctors can earn huge amounts of money in speaking fees and promotion tactics, and may compromise what’s in the best interest of America’s vulnerable patients.
A Harvard analysis of data from 2014 and 2015 show about 811,000 prescriptions written for Medicare patients. Of those, nearly half of doctors wrote at least one prescription for opioids. Around 54 percent of those doctors, accounting for more than 200,000 physicians, received a payment from opioid pharmaceutical companies.
The relationship between opioid prescription and profit has become obvious. Doctors in the top one percent of opioid prescribers receive about four times as much money from drug makers as the typical doctor. Opioid manufacturers, including OxyContin maker Purdue Pharma, have paid millions of dollars to advocacy groups and doctors, many of whom promoted the use of the painkillers, according to a U.S. Senate report.
Opioid Painkiller Risks & Drug Injuries
Even though prescription opioid overdose deaths often involve benzodiazepines, some doctors fail to monitor all the different drugs their patient is taking.
Many patients take painkillers in conjunction with benzodiazepines, which are central nervous system depressants used to sedate, induce sleep, prevent seizures, and relieve anxiety. Addictive and potentially dangerous benzodiazepines include:
• Alprazolam (Xanax)
• Diazepam (Valium)
• Lorazepam (Ativan)
It is important to avoid taking benzodiazepines while taking prescription opioids whenever possible. Doctors who prescribe both opioids and benzodiazepines for the same patient may be found negligent should Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury or death occur.
Pain Clinic Overdose Deaths
Many doctors at pain management clinics fail to take basic precautions like taking occasional urine samples from patients to check for other counteracting drugs. They also fail to follow reasonable addiction protocols and monitor patients for signs of addiction. A study last year found that over 90 percent of overdose survivors were still able to get another prescription for opioids.
Other doctors have been sued for not providing safe and hygienic healthcare. The family of one victim in South Carolina recently sued a pain management clinic after a man developed a fatal infection from pain injections. The investigation discovered the clinic wasn’t following basic hygiene recommendations, like wearing sterile gloves.
Ohio victims of painkiller injuries and deaths are filing claims against unscrupulous doctors and pain clinics for their unethical and illegal behavior. Doctors have a responsibility to place their patients’ well-being ahead of drug sales, and if they fail to do so, they may have committed a negligent and criminal act.
Health care providers, including doctors at pain management clinics around the country, are being held accountable when patients overdose on opioid painkillers they prescribed.
Doctors have faced numerous civil lawsuits from individuals and families, and even faced murder charges for overprescribing dangerous and addictive painkillers such as fentanyl, hydrocodone, oxycodone and morphine.
Some Ohio doctors face charges of illegally distributing drugs connected to overdose deaths, and the very nature of the pain clinics they run, though legal, are extremely dangerous.
Doctors have been named in lawsuits for prescribing “excessive amounts” of potent, highly-addictive drugs. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the annual economic burden of prescription opioid abuse in the United States is over $78 billion.
The number of doctors penalized by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has grown more than five-fold in recent years, mostly due to opioid overdose deaths.
One of the largest reasons for doctors to over-prescribe is for profit, and huge pharmaceutical kickbacks from drug companies. Doctors who value profit over their patients’ lives must be held liable to protect future victims of painkiller abuse.
Ohio Attorney General Sues Painkiller Manufacturers
It’s not just doctors who have been facing legal action for the opioid epidemic. A number of states have filed suit against pharmaceutical companies for their roles in the opioid epidemic, including the state of Ohio. Ohio consistently ranks near the top of drug overdose rates. In 2016, 2.3 million people in Ohio, or about a fifth of the state’s population, were prescribed opioids.
A recent complaint filed by the Ohio Attorney General alleges that drugmakers downplay the risks and tout the benefits of opioids, helping to fuel Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury, and the prescription painkiller crisis responsible for the deaths of more than 3,000 people in Ohio in 2016.
The Ohio lawsuit lawsuit claims drugmakers violated multiple state laws, including the Ohio Corrupt Practices Act, and committed Medicaid fraud. Primary care doctors were being told that true addiction is extremely rare, but the reality is much different. OxyContin, for example, included a fraudulent marketing campaign that claimed the drug was not as addictive as other alternative drugs.
Opioid Painkiller Overdose
Several drugmakers are under fire for their important role in the addiction epidemic in America. Companies such as Purdue Pharma, Abbott Laboratories, Johnson & Johnson, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Endo Health Solutions and Allergan have all been named in lawsuits alleging they know the terrible risks of the drugs they make and still encourage doctors and patients to use them in many uncertain circumstances.
In 2014, pharmaceutical companies spent $168 million through sales reps peddling prescription opioids to influence doctors. Also, some large pharmacy chains such as Walmart, CVS and Walgreens have been named in lawsuits, and are being investigated in their role in opioid addiction deaths and Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury.
The current litigation seeks to hold the drug industry accountable for producing, marketing and distributing opioid painkillers without proper warnings, and compensate families and communities for the costs incurred as a result of Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury, opioid-related deaths and addictions.
Opioid Prescriptions and Physician Payment
There are obvious conflicts of interest with the pharmaceutical industry. Studies by researchers at Yale University and Harvard Medical School have found that the more money physicians are paid by pharmaceutical companies, the more likely they are to prescribe certain drugs.
Concerns about payments to doctors by opioid manufacturers were identified in another study by researchers at Boston University. Pharmaceutical companies pay doctors to do medical research, then also pay doctors for promotions, consulting and speaking engagements.
The conflict goes beyond merely painkillers. Researchers have examined government databases and found that when doctors receive payments from manufacturers of certain cancer drugs, they are more likely to prescribe those drugs to their patients.
Paying doctors for speaking and consulting is legal, but ethically dangerous. Pain experts are allowed to share experience and information about medications, but with the painkiller epidemic, it is very controversial.
Cincinnati Opioid Painkiller Injury Lawsuits
Every decision a physician makes regarding prescription drugs should be in the best interest of the patient, and not the financial interest of the doctor. In light of the opioid epidemic, drug companies have begun curtailing the practice of paying doctors for promotional activities such as speaking engagements.
But many doctors who prescribe a lot of opioids are still paid large amounts of money by pharmaceutical companies. Several patients have filed lawsuits against these high prescribers and drug makers.
Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury lawsuits claim drug makers have violated multiple laws and committed Medicaid fraud. Drug makers are being sued for fraudulent marketing campaigns that downplay the addictive nature of opioid drugs. Other have been taken to court for falsifying medical records, misleading insurance companies and providing kickbacks to doctors. Drug Companies Targeted in Cincinnati Opioid Abuse Lawsuits include:
- Insys Therapeutics Inc.
- Purdue Pharma
- Abbott Laboratories
- Johnson & Johnson
- Teva Pharmaceuticals USA
- Endo Health Solutions
- Purdue Frederick Company
- Cephalon Inc.
- Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc.
- Janssen Pharmaceuticals
If you or a loved one has suffered an injury involving a medication error, and have questions about the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care in Ohio, contact The Lyon Firm at (800) 513-2403. You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer critical questions regarding Cincinnati opioid painkiller injury lawsuits.