Cincinnati Medical Malpractice Attorney & Ohio Brain Injury Lawyer Reviews Serious Hypoxia and Anoxia for plaintiffs nationwide
Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury, also called cerebral hypoxia or hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI), occurs when oxygen flow to the brain is disrupted. Adequate oxygen is necessary for the brain to function properly. If oxygen levels remain significantly low for four minutes or longer, brain cells begin to die. After five minutes, anoxic brain injury can occur. The greater the loss of oxygen, the more serious the injury will be. The condition can be life-threatening, or cause permanent disabilities.
Joe Lyon is an Ohio brain injury lawyer and medical malpractice attorney reviewing preventable brain injuries for plaintiffs nationwide.
Causes of Anoxic Brain Injury
Contact a brain injury lawyer following any catastrophic head or spinal injury. Four types of anoxia can cause serious damage to the brain:
- Anemic anoxia—insufficiently oxygenated blood fails to carry oxygen to the brain. The brain does not receive enough oxygen to perform properly. Some causes of anemic anoxia are chronic anemia and acute hemorrhage.
- Toxic anoxia—toxins in the system can prevent the blood’s oxygen from being used efficiently. Carbon monoxide poisoning can cause toxic anoxia.
- Stagnant anoxia—internal conditions can block oxygen-rich blood from reaching the brain. Strokes, cardiac arrhythmia, and cardiac arrest are the primary causes.
- Anoxic anoxia—caused when there is not sufficient oxygen in the air for the body. It may occur at high altitudes.
- Intubation Error Induced Injury
Symptoms of Anoxic Brain Injury
Anoxia usually begins with a loss of consciousness or a coma. If the person regains full consciousness, the extent of their symptoms depends on the amount of brain damage and the specific location in the brain where the injury occurred. Doctors describe the following cognitive problems associated with anoxia:
• Short-term memory loss.
• Poorer performance in functions such as judgment, reasoning, and processing information.
• Difficulty concentrating or focusing on more than one task.
• Difficulty using words or processing the meaning of common word usage.
• Trouble with visual focus information.
• Personality changes
Physical issues include:
• Lack of coordination.
• Inability to perform common tasks.
• Involuntary muscle spasms.
• Weakness in all four limbs.
Ohio Brain Injury Lawyer Reviews Treatment
After identifying the cause of the injury, efforts are made to restore normal oxygen availability to the brain. Once the patient is stable, the rehabilitation phase of treatment follows. This may include:
• Speech therapy
• Physical therapy
• Occupational therapy
• Recreational therapy
Prognosis for Anoxic Brain Damage
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH), many factors contribute to the degree and rate of recovery. The amount of brain damage is a critical factor. The length of time spent unconscious or in a coma, and the level of recovery within the first month of the injury can indicate a better chance of recovery.
Cases of moderate anoxic brain injury have a better outcome, but recovery can still take months or years.
Joe Lyon is a highly-rated Cincinnati, Ohio medical malpractice and Ohio Brain injury Lawyer, accepting Hypoxic and Anoxic brain injury cases nationwide. Call 800.513.2403 for a free consultation.