Adenocarcinoma: A Common But Deadly Cancer
Adenocarcinoma is a cancer usually found in the outer parts of the lung. It tends to grow slower than other types of lung cancer and is more likely to be found before it has spread. However, the severity of cancer varies from patient to patient.
Adenocarcinomas mainly occur in current or former smokers, but it is also the most common type of lung cancer seen in non-smokers. It is likely that heavy exposure to toxins like asbestos can cause adenocarcinoma cancer. Around 40 percent of lung cancers are adenocarcinomas.
Other types of lung tumors include carcinoid tumors, adenoid cystic carcinomas, lymphomas, and sarcomas. Cancers that develop in other organs and spread to the lungs include breast, pancreas, kidney, or skin cancer.
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Types of Adenocarcinoma
Adenocarcinoma forms in mucus-secreting glands throughout the body, not only the lungs. The cancer is most prevalent in the following areas:
- Lung cancer—non-small cell lung cancer makes up 80 percent of lung cancers. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type. Smoking and asbestos exposure are linked to this form.
- Prostate cancer—cancer that forms in the prostate gland is typically an adenocarcinoma, which make up 99 percent of all prostate cancers.
- Pancreatic cancer—exocrine pancreatic cancer tumors.
- Esophageal cancer—cancer forming in glandular cells.
- Colorectal cancer—cancer developing in the intestinal gland cells lining the colon and/or rectum.
Adenocarcinomas account for the majority of breast cancers as well. A rare type of adenocarcinoma called adenoid cystic carcinoma may develop in sinus glands. It is a slow-growing cancer and can spread to the skull. The brain can also develop adenocarcinoma.
Signs & Symptoms of Adenocarcinoma
As adenocarcinoma may occur in several areas of the body, there is no single diagnostic test or list of symptoms that can confirm the cancer. Most patients initially seek care after experiencing unusual symptoms. The following symptoms may signal the presence of adenocarcinoma or other cancers:
- Brain or skull: Headaches, nausea, vomiting, seizures, blurred vision, odd sensations in limbs.
- Lung: Coughing, trouble breathing, bloody mucus, weight loss, weakness, exhaustion.
- Breast: An unusual growth in the breast.
- Prostate: Painful urination, bladder control issues, blood in semen, painful ejaculation.
- Colon: A sensation that the bowels are full, bloody stool, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, weight loss.
If you experience these symptoms, it may be wise to seek qualified medical care.
Diagnosing & Treating Adenocarcinoma
Diagnostic tests vary depending on where the cancer is located. When diagnosing carcinomas, a tissue biopsy may be performed, as well as CT scans and MRI tests. Treatment varies depending on where the cancer is located. Treatment options may include:
- Surgery—cancerous glandular tissue is often surgically removed with some surrounding tissue.
- Radiation Therapy—radiation treatment is typically used in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. Advanced methods use image guidance before and during treatment to target tumors.
- Chemotherapy—chemotherapy uses drugs that destroy cancer cells, either throughout the whole body, or in a specific region. Chemotherapy may be used in combination with other forms of treatment.
If you or a loved one has developed Adenocarcinoma, and have questions about the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care in Ohio, contact The Lyon Firm (800) 513-2403. You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer these critical questions.