Ohio Product Liability Lawyer Reviews The Dangers of Everyday Defective Cosmetics
Health-related complaints regarding cosmetic products like shampoo, moisturizers and makeup are at an all-time high since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began monitoring the industry’s many consumer products. But despite the growing evidence that personal care products are harmful to the health of individuals, cosmetics are still quite underregulated in the United States.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration MAUDE complaints database contains only 5,144 adverse events between 2004 and 2016 reported in connection with defective cosmetics. For a multibillion dollar industry with countless products, many experts say the number of adverse events are grossly underreported.
As with some drugs and supplements, most cosmetics do not need to go through a pre-market FDA approval process before they are marketed and sold in stores, even when the overall safety and the claims on the product labels remains unknown. Even when health risks are known with products, it can be difficult to regulate an entire industry. If injury results from using a product, legal action is often the best course to pursue.
Joe Lyon is a highly-rated Ohio personal injury lawyer representing plaintiffs nationwide in a wide variety of toxic tort and product liability claims.
Known Chemicals & Toxins in Defective Cosmetics
- Phthalates—phthalates frequently used in cosmetics are also used in plastic wrap, wood furnishing, lubricants, insecticides, and detergents. Animal tests have concluded that phthalates negatively affect hormones and contribute to an early onset of puberty.
- Imidazolidinyl Urea—used in many water-based cosmetics, deodorants, hair dyes, shaving cream, and face masks. This chemical is used as a preservative and releases formaldehyde. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) lists imidazolidinyl urea as a known allergen and toxicant.
- Parabens—a chemical often used with imidazolidinyl urea in makeup, moisturizers, hair care products, and shaving products.
- Triethanolamine (TEA)—animal tests have shown this chemical to be highly irritating to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. Long-term exposure to TEA may cause asthma and allergic reactions.
- Polyethylene glycols (PEG)—used in moisturizers, it may affect the liver and kidneys if absorbed in the body.
- Sodium Lauryl Sulfate—can cause allergic reactions and skin irritation.
- Stearalkonium Chloride—a chemical suspected of being an allergen and toxicant. May be found in hair conditioner and creams.
- PVP/VA Copolymer—a binder in hair, nail, and skin care products that may be a skin irritant.
- Synthetic Colors—artificial colors or dyes may be toxic and carcinogenic.
- Synthetic Fragrances—could possibly contain allergens that may interfere with the immune system.
Studies Indicate Health Issues Linked to Cosmetics
Data analyzed from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that male reproductive problems, including undescended testicles and hypospadias, doubled between 1970 and 1993, and environmental chemicals are strongly suspected as contributing factors. Some studies have pointed to the presence of potential reproductive or developmental toxicants in cosmetics and personal care products.
According to reports released as early as June 2004, makeup, shampoo, skin lotion, nail polish, lipsticks, lip glosses, eye shadows, and other personal care products contain chemical ingredients that lack safety data, and some of these chemicals include preservatives, stabilizers, pigments, dyes, and heavy metals like lead, cadmium, and zinc.
Talc powder products ave been under fire recently with lawsuits targeting Johnson & Johnson for their baby powder products causing ovarian cancer.
Consumer Concern Over Claire’s Products
In 2017, Claire’s, a major seller of accessories and cosmetics for young girls and teenagers, battled claims that some of its makeup products contained asbestos, a highly toxic substance known to cause cancer.
Claire’s announced a product recall after reports that one consumer sent a sample of the company’s glitter makeup out for independent testing. Claire’s makeup allegedly tested positive for asbestos, and Claire’s pulled related products from the market.
Recent FDA Recalls of Defective Cosmetics
The FDA is responsible for regulating cosmetics and personal care products. FDA regulations state that “Each ingredient used in a cosmetic product and each finished cosmetic product shall be adequately substantiated for safety prior to marketing.” If a product or ingredient has not been adequately substantiated prior to marketing, it must include a Black Box warning. Some recent cosmetics recalls include the following:
- Divine Living recalls Divine Living Tooth Brushing Spray
- Avlon Industries, Inc recalls As I am Born Curly Argan Curl Defining Jelly due to the presence of Enterobacter gergoviae.
- Avlon Industries, Inc recalls KeraCare Hydrating Detangling Shampoo due to the presence of Enterobacter cloacae.
- Radiant Colors recalls Radiant Colors Victor Portugal Lining Black because the tattoo ink was found to contain Bacillus altitudinis.
- Fusion Ink, LLC recalls Royal Blue Glycerin Tattoo Ink due to microbial contamination of tattoo ink.
If you or a loved one has suffered an injury due to a toxic cosmetic product, and have questions about the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care in Ohio, contact The Lyon Firm (800) 513-2403. You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer critical questions regarding defective cosmetics.