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Norovirus is nearly synonymous with food poisoning. It is the single most common culprit of foodborne disease every year, and second most common virus after the common cold.
It is an intensely contagious virus that is resistant to disinfectants, and causes an estimated 20 million illnesses each year, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This results in almost 2 million outpatient visits annually, and 400,000 emergency department visits, typically in young children. Up to 800 deaths are reported each year.

Who is at risk?

Anyone can be infected with Norovirus, though young children and older adults are at greater risk.
Most Norovirus outbreaks occur in food-service settings, like restaurants or catered events. Because of the highly contagious nature of the virus, it spreads quickly in closed settings, such as daycare centers, nursing homes, and schools.
Because of tight living quarters and shared dining, Norovirus is also seen regularly in high-profile cruise ship outbreaks. In the years 2008-2014, a total of 133 acute gastroenteritis outbreaks were reported on cruise ships. Of over 130,000 illnesses, the large majority (90 percent) health officials attributed to Norovirus.
In 2015, twelve outbreaks were reported on six different cruise lines, including Princess Cruises, Oceania Cruises, Holland America Line, Royal Caribbean Cruise Line, Celebrity Cruises, and Norwegian Cruise Line.

What are the Symptoms of Norovirus?

Once exposed to the virus and ingested, Norovirus causes the intestines and stomach to become inflamed. The most common symptoms include:
• Vomiting
• Diarrhea
• Abdominal pain
• Nausea
• Fever
• Head and body aches
Symptoms typically present themselves 12 to 48 hours after exposure to Norovirus. Infections usually last for 1 to 3 days with no long-term problems, however, dehydration can sometimes lead to complications.


What causes Norovirus Outbreaks?

Norovirus is often contracted through human contact. A recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases suggests norovirus can be spread easily through the air. Furthermore, an infected can person to shed the disease for up to two weeks after exposed. It is possible to build an immunity to particular strains, but it is unknown how long the immunity lasts.  Norovirus is also commonly contracted by consuming contaminated food and water.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common foods associated with Norovirus infections include:
• Leafy greens (lettuce)
• Raw Fruits
• Shellfish (oysters)
Any food, however, can be contaminated if uncooked or exposed to Norovirus after preparation.


Where are common Norovirus Outbreaks?

Because infected persons can be found anywhere, it is difficult to contain Norovirus.
The most commonly reported settings for Norovirus outbreaks are long-term care facilities. Outbreaks in such centers can last for months, and are particularly hazardous with the elderly population.
Cruise ships, schools, and close institutional settings are also especially susceptible.
Restaurants, of course, remain a problem source. Chipotle Mexican Grill, for example, has been responsible for several recent outbreaks of foodborne disease, including one 2015 incident in California where over 200 consumers fell ill with a strain of Norovirus, and a similar case in Boston where over a hundred students were exposed to the virus at the restaurant.
A 2014 report published by the CDC indicates infected food workers cause 70 percent of reported contaminated food outbreaks.

Legal Representation

Ohio GM Lawyer

If you or a loved one suffered an injury due to Norovirus  and have questions about the root cause and the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care, contact The Lyon Firm (800) 513-2403.  You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer these critical questions

After two hip replacement surgeries, I was informed that one of the prosthesis was the DuPuy Joint and the other was very similar but manufactured by a different company. After several attempts to contact the manufacturer directly to discuss the claim, I was met with bureaucratic red tape that appeared to be insurmountable. I then turned to Joe Lyon of the Lyon Law Firm who immediately cut through the pro I highly recommend Joe if you are faced with the need for this type of litigation.Tim Ross
I met Joe during what was easily one of the worst times of my life. My husband had been in a serious accident and was a quadriplegic following that accident and remained in one medical facility after another until his death nearly four years later. We had contacted an area attorney who told us we absolutely did not have a case. Then we called a Cleveland firm that took the case and brought in Joe. Joe did so much of the work and became just like family to us. I would highly recommend Joe to anyone and be willing to guarantee that he will do anything and everything possible to get satisfactory results. He is extremely dedicated to his clients and very hard working. Mike and I came to think of him like a son, I still do; if it wasn’t for him I don’t believe our case would have been settled the way it was and may have ended up in a courtroom where the results can go any way.Donna Urchak