Hernia Types & Surgical Mesh Repair Risks - The Lyon Firm
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Hernia Types & Surgical Mesh Repair Risks

Ohio Product Liability Attorney: Defective Surgical Mesh Used in Hernia Repair Patients


The majority of hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or tissue. The pressure pushes an organ or tissue through an opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth but more often it develops later in life. Any increase in abdominal pressure can cause a hernia, including obesity, lifting heavy objects, chronic constipation, and persistent coughing or sneezing.

The abdominal wall is made up of layers of different muscles and tissues. Weak spots may develop to allow contents in the abdominal cavity to protrude or “herniate.” The most common abdominal hernias are inguinal hernias, hiatal hernias, and umbilicus hernias.

Joe Lyon is a highly-rated Ohio product liability and Cincinnati medical malpractice lawyer representing plaintiffs nationwide in a wide variety of defective medical device and civil litigation claims. 


Common Types of Hernias

  • Inguinal: occurs in the inner groin. The most common of abdominal hernias. Sometimes muscles that attach to the pelvis leave a weakened area and if there is a stress placed on that area, the weakened tissues can allow a portion of small bowel to slide through that opening, causing pain and producing a bulge. Inguinal hernias are more likely to occur in men.
  • Femoral: occurs in the upper thigh/outer groin. Femoral hernias tend to occur more frequently in women.
  • Incisional: occurs through an incision or scar in the abdomen. Incisional hernias occur as a complication of abdominal surgery, where the abdominal muscles are cut to allow the surgeon to enter the abdominal cavity to operate.
  • Ventral: occurs in the general abdominal/ventral wall
  • Umbilical: occurs at the belly button and are very common in newborns and often do not need treatment unless complications occur. Some umbilical hernias enlarge and may require repair later in life.
  • Hiatal: occurs inside the abdomen, along the upper stomach/diaphragm
  • Obturator: the least common hernia of the pelvic floor, mostly found in women who have had multiple pregnancies or who have lost significant weight.

Hernia Treatment Options & Mesh Devices

More than one million hernia repairs are performed each year in the U.S.—800,000 for inguinal hernias and the rest are for other types.

Non-Surgical Repair: a doctor may elect to watch the hernia and make sure that it is not getting larger or causing problems. Watchful waiting may be a good option for patients without complications or symptoms.

Laparoscopic Surgery: a surgeon can several small incisions in the abdomen to repair the hernia. Laparoscopic surgery can be performed with or without surgical mesh.

Open Repair: a surgeon makes an incision near the hernia and the weak muscle area is repaired with or without surgical mesh.

Medical literature has demonstrated a reduced hernia recurrence rate when surgical mesh is used, though despite reduced rates of recurrence, there are situations where the use of surgical mesh for hernia repair may not be recommended.

Hernias have a high rate of recurrence, and surgeons will often use surgical mesh devices to strengthen the repair and reduce the rate of recurrence. The use of surgical mesh may also improve Ohio patient outcomes, though injuries and serious complications have been reported. Reported complications and side effects linked to hernia mesh products include:

  • Inflammation
  • Infection
  • Adhesion
  • Chronic pain
  • Hernia recurrence
  • Allergic reaction
  • Fluid buildup
  • Hematomas
  • Fistula formation
  • Tissue damage
  • Mesh erosion
  • Need for revision surgery

What are Hernia Mesh Devices?

Surgical mesh is a medical device used to provide support to weakened tissue. Surgical mesh made of synthetic materials can be found in sheet forms, and may be absorbable or non-absorbable. Non-absorbable mesh will remain in the body indefinitely and is considered a permanent implant.

If you are unsure about the mesh manufacturer and product used in your surgery and have questions about your hernia repair, contact your Ohio surgeon to obtain medical records.

If you or a loved one has suffered an injury due to a defective hernia mesh product, and have questions about the legal remedies available to improve quality of life and medical care in Ohio, contact The Lyon Firm (800) 513-2403. You will speak directly with Mr. Lyon, and he will help you answer these critical questions.

Contact us today.